On The Edge

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Academic Papers
in Agriculture, Health, Water, Policy, Survival

Use of untreated wastewater in peri-urban agriculture in Pakistan: risks and opportunities

The practice of using untreated wastewater for irrigation is widespread but has been largely ignored because the norm has always been that wastewater should be treated before use. Increasing water scarcity, lack of money for treatment and a clear willingness by farmers to use untreated wastewater have led to an uncontrolled expansion of wastewater use. It is therefore important to better document the practice of irrigation with untreated wastewater in order to find out how it could be improved within the financial possibilities of very low-income countries.

Author(s): Ensink, J. H. J.; van der Hoek, W.; Matsuno, Y.; Munir, S.; Aslam, M. R.

Publication: Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). v, 22p. (IWMI Research Report 064)

Organisation: International Water Management Institute

Date: 2002

Country: Pakistan

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